It was in the year 1960 when the state of Bombay was divided to create two news states namely Maharashtra and Gujarat.
May 1 is celebrated as Maharashtra Day. Along with Maharastra Day, Gujarat Day is also celebrated on May 1 each year as the states of Maharashtra and Gujrat were formed on May 1.
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Maharashtra Day History:
In the year 1960, the state of Bombay was divided to create two news states, namely Maharashtra and Gujarat. It was under the States Reorganisation Act, 1956 that the boundaries of the state were defined.
The core issue was linguistic as there was too much difference between those who spoke Marathi, Gujarati, and Konkani languages.
The demand for a separate state for Marathi-speaking people began in 1940 itself. Samyukta Mahasabha Organisation was formed in present-day Mumbai for the statehood movement.
However, the struggle took a backseat due to Quit India Movement and World War II. It took more than two decades with many commissions advocating for a separate state. In the year 1956, then Prime Minister Pt Jawaharlal Nehru announced Bombay as Union territory for five years. Later, the Lok Sabha passed a resolution for the bilingual state of Bombay. In March 1960, the Lok Sabha proposes the state resolution. A month later the resolution on the state of Bombay is approved by the Lower House. On May 1st, 1960, the state of Maharashtra came into existence with Bombay as its capital.
From speeches to colorful parades, Maharashtra celebrates this day with a lot of enthusiasm. Most schools, colleges, offices remain closed on this day under the State and Central Government jurisdiction. Maharashtra Din is commemorated with a parade at Shivaji Park, Dadar, where the Governor of Maharashtra makes a speech. On this day, the state government and private sector launch new projects and schemes. Liquor sales to Indians are prohibited on Maharashtra Diwas across the state.
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